When we talk about hemp products, we focus heavily on CBD.  CBD is the leading compound found in the hemp plant, and the one with the most studies behind it regarding its properties and effects.  But, the hemp plant is rich in over 100 unique cannabinoids, and each one offers something different to the body.

Today, we’ll be talking about the most widely sought-after cannabinoids found in hemp.  As you’ll see, each one is worth exploring, as each one has its own properties that have been studied.  We’ll also discuss the best ways to ensure that you are able to enjoy as wide a variety of cannabinoids as possible while maintaining your hemp routine.

What are Cannabinoids and Why are They So Important?

Most of us know that CBD is a cannabinoid, but we don’t know exactly how cannabinoids work, or what makes them so different from other compounds that are found in plants.

Cannabinoids are utilized by the body via the endocannabinoid system, which is inherent to all mammals.  No other class of compounds works with this bodily system.  The endocannabinoid system is in charge of helping the body achieve homeostasis, and it does this through regulatory actions involving every bodily process there is.  Throughout the body is a large network of cannabinoid receptors.  When we consume cannabinoids, the endocannabinoid system sends these cannabinoids to receptors that correspond with bodily processes that need regulation.

To put it in simpler terms, the endocannabinoid system uses cannabinoids to help with bodily processes that aren’t performing as efficiently as they can.  There are cannabinoid receptors found in the brain, digestive tract, skin, immune system, thyroid, muscular tissue and more.  When we consume cannabinoids, they are sent to the areas that need the most help.

“What’s interesting is that the body does produce its own cannabinoids, but as far as we know, it doesn’t produce enough to deliver strong effects.  Therefore, taking CBD simply increases our level of cannabinoids so that the endocannabinoid system can perform at its highest level.”

Key Cannabinoids in Hemp

Now, let us break down the most popular cannabinoids found in the hemp plant.  It’s important to note that the exact variety and organization of cannabinoids varies from strain to strain.  Some strains, for instance, have higher CBN and lower THC levels, while others are heavier on the CBG.  Once you determine which cannabinoids are most appealing to you, you can seek out strains that offer the highest levels of the ones you wish to consume regularly.


First, let’s start with the big one: CBD.  By now, most of us are familiar with the properties of CBD.  However, it’s important to know that the term “CBD” can be misleading.  A lot of products labeled “CBD” contain more cannabinoids than just CBD.  If a product contains broad or full spectrum hemp extract, then CBD is not the only cannabinoid within the chemical composition.  So, you may not know that you’ve actually been consuming a variety of cannabinoids all along.

But, for the sake of this article, let’s just discuss the unique properties of CBD.  CBD has been the most widely studied out of any hemp cannabinoid, because it’s the most prominent.  We know that CBD can be calming, and there are plenty of studies regarding the link between CBD and pain, as well as CBD and the digestive system.

Another reason why CBD is so popular right now is because of the studies on its potential neuroprotective qualities.  This is why the FDA has shown interest in using CBD for people who have epilepsy.


CBN is often sought out for its unique calming effects that seem to be more abundant than any other cannabinoid.  A lot of people prefer high-CBN strains if they struggle with sleep, stress or anxiety.  CBN is not a primary cannabinoid, and so it may be more expensive in isolate form than CBD because more plant material is required to produce an adequate quantity.


CBG is quickly becoming a highly desirable cannabinoid, largely due to a number of studies that have been performed recently to learn more about its unique properties.  We’ve seen studies on CBG’s relationships with pain, bladder health and digestive health, and more studies are underway.


Right now, a lot of people are talking about CBC, and that’s because of the recent studies regarding the potential pain-relieving effects that are prominent in this cannabinoid.  CBC seems to have both analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, which could be very useful for those who struggle with all kinds of pain.


Last but not least, we have THC.  THC has endured quite a bad reputation over the years because of its psychoactive properties.  The hemp plant has no more than 0.3 percent THC, while the marijuana plant has a much higher amount, which is why marijuana can make a person high, but hemp cannot.  The trace amount of THC in hemp, however, may still offer its unique properties to the body.  THC has been studied for its effects on pain, digestion, and depression, just to name a few.

How to Enjoy as Wide a Variety of Cannabinoids as Possible

Now that you know about the main cannabinoids native to hemp, it’s time to talk about how to enjoy them on a regular basis.  The best option is to opt for a full spectrum hemp extract.  Full spectrum hemp contains the full variety of chemical compounds found in hemp, including the cannabinoids listed above, as well as terpenes and flavonoids which offer additional properties.  Full spectrum hemp will allow you to enjoy the full cannabinoid composition as nature intended.

What You’ve Now Have Learned

While CBD can most definitely be extraordinarily useful to you, it doesn’t mean that it’s the only cannabinoid worth exploring for its potential effects.  Use this guide to better understand what each key cannabinoid brings to the table, and to decide whether or not you wish to prioritize it when maintaining your hemp regimen. 

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